Diamond may be the world’s most popular stone, but that doesn’t mean it has a boring history! We’re exploring the rich background of April’s dazzling gemstone.
Ancient Romans believed that Cupid’s arrows were tipped with diamonds, potentially the first tie between love and the stone. They also believed that diamond had the power to ward off evil and often wore them in charms, a belief adopted from Hinduism. The name itself was established in ancient history and stems from the Greek word “Adamas,” meaning indestructible.
Diamonds take eons to form under intense volcanic pressure and heat. In fact, most diamonds found today are between one and three billion years old. The ancient stones live around 100 miles beneath the earth’s surface and make their way above ground during volcanic eruptions.
No harder natural material is known to man, which is one of the reasons diamond is used for industrial cutting and polishing tools. As such hard materials, diamonds can only be scratched by other diamonds. This makes them a great every day jewel and a perfect choice for engagement rings!
A diamond’s value is based on the cut, color, clarity, carat and certification. While most are pale yellow to colorless, diamonds can actually be found in shades of blue, green, orange, red, pink, black or brown.
- Perhaps one of the most famous jewels in history is the Hope diamond, which is found in a rare blue color and weighs in at 45.52 carats. Despite the impressive value, the jewel is rumored to carry a curse, though many believe this belief ties back to agents attempting to increase interest in the stone.
- The Koh-i-noor diamond was once the largest diamond in the world, dating back to at least 1526 when Indian conqueror Babur possessed the stone. Many battles were fought over the famous diamond, but today it is held as a part of the British Crown Jewels.
- The Cullinan diamond is the world’s largest diamond known today, discovered in 1905. The 3,106-carot diamond was discovered during a routine inspection of the Premier Mine in South Africa. The enormous stone weighs a whopping 1.33 pounds is named after Sir Thomas Cullinan, who owned the mine.
- One of the most interesting diamonds in the galaxy is truly a diamond in the sky! A planet found rotating a nearby star in the Milky Way, named 55 Cancri e, is composed mainly of carbon and is likely one third pure diamond.
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